• Explain how the use of allusions (to the Bible and other works) helps illuminate the theme of Beowulf
• Analyze the differences in the three fights and explain how they trace the development of Beowulf as a hero
• Was Beowulf’s confidence/cockiness an asset or a tragic flaw?
• Compare the idea of an honorable hero in Beowulf’s time to modern representations
• How do elements of language influence elements of literature? How does the language in Beowulf influence the reader’s understanding?
• Compare Beowulf to modern heroes; how they’re different, better/worse, characteristics (societies/differences in culture and how they affected individual perspectives and decisions)
• How does Beowulf represent everything the Norse stood for (morals, values etc.)?
• Compare myth & reality: which elements of Beowulf appear to reflect the reality of the time, and which elements serve storytelling purposes?
• How did the evolution of the English language favor some ideas and omit others?
· In your opinion is Beowulf a prideful hero or just a reflection of the time period? Do you think the character was intentionally designed for effect or merely a product of the times?
· Compare Beowulf with a modern hero (Iron Man, e.g.). How are the two personalities similar/different, and how do they suit their respective storylines?
· Define the symbolism in Beowulf and explain how it developed the story.
· Describe how Beowulf portrayed the morals, values and culture of the Danish people.
· Compare Beowulf with a tragic hero from Ancient Greece.
This week I had a conversation that I've never had before. It made me want to smile and want to cry all at the same time.
Student: What tone should I use for this essay?
Me: What do you mean?
Student: You know, how should I word it? What are you looking for?
Me:Let's look at your mentor articles. How did these authors go about it? This one had more of a conversational tone and this one had more of a formal tone, so which tone do you like most?
Student: You mean I can write how I want to write and what I want to write about???
Student (male by the way): Oh, well I'm good then. I'll be good at this!
And you know what? He was good. He wrote a beautiful and passionate article about how the universal themes in Beowulf can be applied to his weight loss journey (he's lost 60 pounds and carries a gallon of water with him every day!).
The reason this made me want to cry was that I wish I had been doing this type of writing all along. Simply calling it an article made all the difference. Students hate essays, but they don't hate expressing themselves in a format that seems relevant. There is a difference.
It wasn't until reading Write Like This: Teaching Real-World Writing Through Modeling and Mentor Texts by Kelly Gallagher that I even came to this realization. I'm 10 years into this teaching gig, and it saddens me to think of all the boring/traditional essays I've assigned in the past. I do believe that there is time and place for traditional essays in the classroom because they will most definitely show up on standardized tests, but I now wholeheartedly believe that if you can find a way to incorporate real-world writing into the classroom, then overall writing in every style will improve.
When I first starting reading Write Like This, I almost dismissed it. I thought his practical examples and ideas were great, but they seemed to belong in a stand-alone writing class such as journalism or a creative elective. None of them seemed to fit themes or go along with literature. However, after thinking about it more and finding some literature-based examples further on in his book, I began to realize that I could apply his ideas to almost any literature we were reading because the basic concept is this: Find real-world mentor texts. Have students mimic these texts. Mimic the texts yourself for modeling.
Here is what I came up with for our first Write Like This writing:
After finishing the epic, I had students zigzag read real- world articles on Beowulf.
No matter if you are writing a college entrance essay, starting a business, or running a non-profit foundation, telling your story is the most important part. Without a story, no one will connect to your words. Since the beginning of stories, with Beowulf being the first one in the English language, humans have used these narratives to shape their own lives and businesses.
For examples of how these universal themes are applied to real-life situations, read a couple of the following articles:
1. Forbes “Leadership Lessons from Beowulf” by Tom Post
2. The Spectator “Leadership Lessons from Beowulf” by Margareta Pagano
3. Contently “Content Marketing Lessons from Beowulf—Yes Beowulf”
4. The Art of Manliness “Lessons in Manliness from Beowulf” by Andrew Ratelle
***If you are reading this because you want an example and don't need Beowulf articles, I found these by googling "Beowulf and Business" which led to lots of leadership posts. I suggest starting with "________ and business" and then go on to "lessons from ________". I also found some articles for Lord of the Flies using this searching same strategy. You can find those in my Pinterest board: Informational Text Pairings.
Next, we did a did a close reading by highlighting the thesis statement and all main points (topic sentences) in blue and proof from Beowulf in pink.
Then, I gave students this prompt to think about for homework.
Using a passion, interest, or future/current job, write an article about the top 5 lessons you learned from Beowulf that can be directly applied to your topic. This will have an introduction and a conclusion, but the middle part will be in 5 sections that have the lesson in bold and the explanation with examples under it. You will need to use Beowulf and one outside source with MLA citations within your article.
The next day, we reread the articles and discussed the thesis statements more in-depth and wrote our own.
Mentor Text Examples:
***If you want these examples in an editable PowerPoint or Slides format, please see the signup form at the bottom of this email***
After that, we filled out the rest of our introduction by observing what our model texts used as hooks and background information.
Hook Examples from Mentor Texts:
***If you want these examples in an editable PowerPoint or Slides format, please see the signup form at the bottom of this email***1.
After writing our introduction paragraphs, I modeled how the body of their article should be written by looking at the mentor texts and then writing my own example in front of them. I chose "Teaching lessons from Beowulf" as my topic (obviously).
I personally wasn't brave enough to talk it out while doing this as Write Like This suggests, but I did type it out in front of them. I told them that I was going to be working own my own while they worked on theirs. Out of the corner of my eye, I could see almost all of my students stop what they were doing from time to time to watch how I changed things and worked through my ideas.
Later on, I did go into detail about my word choice and sentence variety, but that wasn't until it came time for revision.
Here are my examples and modeling:
- Never let one monster of a student ruin your entire class community. Teachers and students spend more time with each other than they do with their own family members, and because of this time together, it's important and natural to form a classroom community. When the community is good, everyone benefits. When the community is terrorized by one rogue student, everyone suffers. Hrothgar knew that nothing good would ever be able to happen in Herot after Grendel decided to destroy their peace, so he "gave places to the Geats" and welcomed Beowulf to help him rid his community of the troublemaker (Raffel 49).
- Don't be afraid to welcome help (even when you didn't ask for it). Though Hrothgar was a powerful king, he wasn't afraid to welcome theunsolicited helpof Beowulf. Beowulf arrived with a request and boasted," The days of my youth have been filled with glory…grant me, then, …a single request…to purge all evil from this hall" (Raffel 144-166). It would have been easy for an authoritative king to dismiss this arrogant vow of service, but Hrothgar didn't let pride get in the way of doing what was best for his people. Being the kings and queens of their classroom, teachers can sometimes bristle at unsought support; however, accepting help from an experienced teacher is a sign of strength, not weakness.
- Use the right tool for each quest. Beowulf has a keen sense of knowing which tools to use in every situation. With Grendel, he didn't use any weapons, but with Grendel's mother, he realized that a giant's sword was needed to get the job done. Likewise, teachers should know when tools such as computers, apps, and manipulatives are best fitted for each learning quest. For example, if the goal is to help students read complex text more efficiently, then Common Lit's new guided reading tool might be the best-suited weapon. This tool is perfect for this job because the "guided reading mode focuses on ensuring that students of all reading levels are able to follow along with and comprehend complex texts" ("New Features from Literacy Tool Continue to Help Struggling Readers Manage Difficult Text").
The best part about this assignment is that I told my students this wouldn't be a 7 paragraph essay (they are used to writing the common 5 paragraph essay) because some of their points might need less explanation than others and therefore not making each point a full paragraph. Turns out that ALL of my students got into the flow of writing and just kept going on each one. I did too as you can see above. So basically, I tricked them into writing a substantial essay without complaint simply because I called it an article, made the format something different from what they were used to, and allowed them to write about what they were interested in. I'm going to call this one a win!
If you want the prompt and examples above in an editable PowerPoint or Slides, please sign up below. Be sure to check your email spam and promotions folder if it doesn't go through. If you already subscribe and would like this PowerPowerPoint as well, just email me and ask for it.
If you are looking for an entire Beowulf unit plan with real-world activities and informational text, please check out my entire Beowulf lesson plan pack here: Beowulf Unit Plan Within it, you will find a fun interview assignment, confidence boosting articles, creative writing on the dragons we face in life, and lots more.
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