Atomic Bombing in Hiroshima and Nagasaki
An atomic bombing in Hiroshima and Nagasaki is a historical event that will forever remain a mystery to the Japanese people. August 6th, 1945 is the day that the United States of America used a colossal atomic bombing attack against Japan in Hiroshima. The bomb was equivalent to twenty thousand tons of TNT. The attack flattened Hiroshima city and thousands of the Japanese people died in that horrible event. Before the Japanese could comprehend what had happened, the US made another massive attack on Nagasaki.
Enola Gay will forever be remembered in that event. It was a B-29 bomber that was used by the US to carry out the horrible massacre. There were twelve men on board who ensured that the mission run smoothly. The aircraft had been modified in order to accommodate such a huge atomic bombing. It had stronger engines and newly modified propellers. It was escorted by two bombers which had numerous measuring devices.
Initially, the US had four target cities to choose from; Niiigita, Kokura, Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Henry L. Stimson, the secretary of War in the US by that time had chosen Kyoto. However, the committee argued that it was important to choose the cities which had been untouched during the war. The administration of the United States decided that Hiroshima and Negasaki were the best target cities. The reasons for launching the attacks were Japan to surrender to America as fast as possible in order to reduce the US casualties and to develop the US dominance globally. Scholars have established that the US had to use the atomic bomb ahead of Soviet Union’s attack on Japan.
At exactly 8:15 a.m., the bomb exploded. The entire city was destroyed within few minutes. It is estimated that out of 350, 000 people who hailed in Hiroshima city, about 70,000 died on the spot. Takaki (1995) contend that approximately 70, 000 people also died due to radiation within 5 years. Expert says that about 85% of the buildings in Hiroshima were entirely destroyed. Similar impacts prevailed in Nagasaki, however, the impact was lesser compared to Hiroshima. It is estimated that the number of those who died in Nagasaki ranged between 40,000 and 95,000. Currently, Hiroshima city attracts numerous people from around the globe to join in making paper cranes in remembrance of those who died in the two cities.
In conclusion, the US attack on Hiroshima and Nagasaki has enormous. The impacts of the bombing were devastating. This is an event that will forever remain in the history of Japan.
Truman's Decision to Drop the Atomic Bomb Essay
488 Words2 Pages
Truman's Decision to Drop the Atomic Bomb Many debates have been provoked based on President Truman's decision to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. The debate is not solely based on the bomb being dropped, but more on the actual necessity and intention of the bomb being dropped. I believe that the Presidents decision was based dually on military necessity and on the Nation's reputation. Truman was not a dumb man; he was inexperienced and quickly expected to make important decisions based on very little information that he had been recently made aware of. I believe that his first thought was to just end the War. I do not think he felt the need…show more content…
The first would be allies and American blood and casualties being too high. The other most prominent one, in my mind, is the idea of some one else winning the war that we have been most leading warriors in. This thought brings me to my next motive of why Truman might have dropped the bomb. I do not think Truman was unaware of the lasting effects of the atom bomb, but by the time these facts were presented to him, piled upon facts about the actual bomb and the projects supporting them, it was to late to change his decision. He needed to save face for America (which brings me to the next motive of pressure) even if it public opinion was not his main concern. Truman did not want to look soft upon the Japanese, something further consideration and negation of the plan to bomb would have caused in some officials eye's. Also, Truman and much of the rest of the nation did not like seeing the U.S. as moral failures like many other nations. Who knows what the reaction to the President's decision would have been like if he had decided to let an invasion with hundreds and thousands of our men involved take place. As previously mentioned, I also believed a motive for dropping the bomb was most definitely pressure from many people in power who surrounded him. Many officials did not want Stalin's presence in the War so they felt that the quickest way to force surrender was the bomb. Also, even more people wanted to show that the United States